Studies on volume phase transition of N-substituted acrylamide hydrogels

Hiroshi Inomata, Shozaburo Saito

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The swelling equilibria of N-substituted acrylamide gels, such as N-isopropylacrylamide, N-n-propylacrylamide, N-cyclopropylacrylamide, N-ethoxyethylacrylamide gels, were measured in water at various temperature. It was found that the gels showed thermoshrinking swelling behaviors and that the swelling behaviors were strongly dependent on the N-substitutes. The swelling equilibria of the N-isopropylacrylamide gel were measured in the presence of additives (salts and organic compounds). The additives did not affect the swelling ratio but depressed the transitin temperature. All these results were discussed in terms of hydrophobic interaction and additive effects on the hydration structure and it was confirmed that the hydrophobic interaction plays an important role in the thermoshrinking type phase transition. In addition, calculation results with a lattice model by Prange et al. were also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-302
Number of pages12
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume82
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Feb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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