A native globin from the dimeric hemoglobin, hemoglobin I, of the mollusc Scapharca inaequivalvis has been obtained with the acid-acetone method. The globin has a lower sedimentation coefficient than the native protein at neutral pH; its reconstitution product with natural heme has the same physicochemical and functional properties as the native protein, proto- and meso-cobalt hemoglobin I have been prepared and characterized, proto-Cobalt hemoglobin I binds oxygen reversibly with a lower affinity and a lower cooperativity than native hemoglobin I; thus, the changes in the functional properties brought about by substitution of iron with cobalt are similar to those observed in human hemoglobin A. The EPR spectra of deoxy-proto-cobalt hemoglobin I and of the photolysis product of oxy-meso-cobalt hemoglobin I indicate that two histidine residues are the apical heme ligands. The broad signal at g = 2.38 in deoxy-proto-cobalt hemoglobin I points to a constrained structure of the heme site in this derivative which results from a distorted coordination of the hindered proximal histidine. A similar structure has been proposed previously for the α chains in deoxy-cobalt hemoglobin A.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular|
|Publication status||Published - 1982 Jun 4|
- Reconstituted dimer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology