Studies of the Ag-In phase diagram and surface tension measurements

Z. Moser, W. Gasior, J. Pstrus, W. Zakulski, I. Ohnuma, X. J. Liu, Y. Inohana, K. Ishida

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92 Citations (Scopus)


The phase boundaries of the Ag-In binary system were determined by the diffusion couple method, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and metallographic techniques. The results show that the region of the ζ (hcp) phase is narrower than that reported previously. Thermodynamic calculation of the Ag-In system is presented by taking into account the experimental results obtained by the present and previous works, including the data on the phase equilibria and thermochemical properties. The Gibbs energies of liquid and solid solution phases are described on the basis of the sub-regular solution model, and that of the intermetallic compounds are based on the two-sublattices model. A consistent set of thermodynamic parameters has been optimized for describing the Gibbs energy of each phase, which leads to a good fit between calculated and experimental results. The maximum bubble pressure method has been used to measure the surface tension and densities of liquid In, Ag, and five binary alloys in the temperature range from 227°C to about 1170°C. On the basis of the thermodynamic parameters of the liquid phase obtained by the present optimization, the surface tensions are calculated using Butler's model. It is shown that the calculated values of the surface tensions are in fair agreement with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number138
Pages (from-to)1120-1128
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Pb-free solder
  • Phase diagram
  • Surface tension
  • Thermodynamic calculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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