Structures of organic additives modified magnetite nanoparticles

Yoshimitsu Kuwahara, Toshiki Miyazaki, Yuki Shirosaki, Gengci Liu, Masakazu Kawashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and magnetite-based inorganic-organic hybrids are attracting increasing attention in biomedicine, as thermoseeds for hyperthermia and contrast media in magnetic resonance imaging. Controlling the size of Fe3O4 thermoseeds is important, as particle size affects their heat generation under alternative magnetic fields. Fe3O4 is easily synthesized via aqueous processes. We previously demonstrated that adding organic polymers during synthesis affected the size and crystallinity of the resulting Fe3O4. However, the relationship of the chemical structure of the low-molecular-weight organic additive of its effect on the product has not been elucidated. In this study, organic compounds containing varying functional groups and surface charges were added to the precursor solution of Fe3O4. Crystalline Fe3O4 formed in the presence of neutral acetone, cationic ethylenediamine, and anionic acetic acid. These nanoparticles had slightly smaller particle sizes than those prepared in the absence of additives. The presence of oxalic acid and tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane inhibited Fe3O4 nucleation, instead yielding lepidocrosite- or akaganeite-type FeOOH. These differences were attributed to the ability to form complexes between iron ions and the organic additives. The saturation magnetizations of the products were consistent with Fe3O4. This indicated that the crystal phase of the iron oxide products differed, even when prepared in the presence of organic additives of the same functional group. It is concluded that state of ion-organic molecule complex in the solutions is a key factor governing nanostructure of the resultant iron oxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6000-6004
Number of pages5
JournalCeramics International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1


  • Biomedical applications
  • Ferrites
  • Powders: chemical preparation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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