Various reconstructions on the GaN(0001) surface are studied by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Based on the comparison between the STM observations and first-principles total-energy calculations, we propose an adatom scheme for the basic 2 × 2 and 4 × 4 structures, and others as well. It is revealed that the 5 × 5 phase consists of a linear chain of unevenly displaced Ga adatoms along the [ 1120] direction due to lattice relaxation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)