Structure of Na2O-SiO2 melt as a function of composition: In situ Raman spectroscopic study

Olga N. Koroleva, Vsevolod N. Anfilogov, Anton Shatskiy, Konstantin D. Litasov

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48 Citations (Scopus)


The structure of x%Na2O · (100 - x)%SiO2 glasses and melts (x = 33, 40, 50, 55, 60, 67) was studied by in-situ Raman spectroscopy at temperatures from 293 to 1462 K. The curve-fitting procedure was applied for data analysis taking into account the second coordination sphere of Si atoms. To obtain a correct interpretation of all bands in Raman spectra, additional types of structural units Q12, Q21 and Q 32 were introduced into a description of the glass and melt structures. The conversion coefficients from characteristic Raman bands to concentrations of the corresponding structural units a3 = 1, a 2 = 1.26, a1 = 1.53 and a0 = 2.56 are allowed in the determination of Qn-abundance in sodium silicate melts in the range from 0 to 67 mol% Na2O. From these data the dependence of the equilibrium constants kn of the reactions 2Qn Q n - 1 + Qn + 1 was determined. It was found that equilibrium constants for di- and metasilicate glasses, k3 = 0.015 and k2 = 0.07 are in close agreement with NMR studies. The k 3 and k2 increase with increasing temperature up to 0.046 at 1243 K and 0.14 at 1462 K, respectively, which indicates an increase of the system disorder. The equilibrium constant of the reaction 2Q1 Q 2 + Q0 was found to be 0.13 ± 0.03.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-68
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Q-abundance
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Silicate melts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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