We study the fusion reactions of the Ge72+Ge72 and Ge74+Ge74 systems in terms of the full order coupled-channels formalism. We obtain the fusion excitation function as well as the fusion barrier distribution of these reactions using the coupling matrix suggested from the recent Coulomb excitation experiments. We compare those results with the results obtained by the coupling matrix based on the pure vibrational and rotational models. The barrier distribution for the Ge74+Ge74 reaction obtained with the experimental coupling matrix is in good agreement with that obtained with the vibrational model, in contrast to the rotational model. On the other hand, the calculations for Ge72+Ge72 system show that the fusion barrier distribution obtained with the experimental coupling matrix significantly differs from those obtained with vibrational and rotational models. Our study indicates that the shape of Ge74 is closer to spherical than to deformed, while Ge72 has a shape admixture in its ground state, which can be described by neither the vibrational nor the rotational models, as suggested by the Coulomb excitation experiments. This finding will resolve the debates concerning the structure of these nuclei.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics