Structure-function relationships of the mouse Gap1 m. Determination of the inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate-binding domain

Mitsunori Fukuda, Katsuhiko Mikoshiba

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72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gap1(IP4BP), one of a member of Ras GTPase-activating proteins, has been identified as a specific inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate (IP 4)-binding protein (Cullen, P. J., Hsuan, J. J., Truong, O., Letcher, A. J., Jackson, T. R., Dawson, A. P, and Irvine, R. F. (1995) Nature 386, 527530). In this paper we describe Gap1 m, which is closely related to Gap1(IP4BP), to also be an IP 4-binding protein and show that the pleckstrin homology domain (PH) is the central IP 4-binding domain by expressing fragments of the mouse Gap1 m in Escherichia coli as fusion proteins and examining their activities. However, in addition to the PH domain, an adjacent GAP-related domain and carboxyl terminus are required for high affinity specific IP 4 binding. The PH domain is highly conserved in the Gap1 family and also has striking homology to the amino-terminal region of Bruton's tyrosine kinase. Substitution of Cys for Arg at position 628 in the PH domain corresponding to the mutation of Bruton's tyrosine kinase observed in X-linked immunodeficiency mice results in a dramatic reduction of IP 4 binding activity as well as phospholipid binding capacity of Gap1 m. This mutant also showed the GAP activity against Ha-Ras to be similar to that of the wild type Gap1 m. Our results suggest that the PH domain of Gap1 m functions as a modulatory domain of GAP activity by binding IP 4 and phospholipids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18838-18842
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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