Yttria-stabilized cubic zirconia bicrystals with  symmetric tilt grain boundaries are systematically fabricated by the diffusion bonding method. It is revealed that the grain-boundary atomistic structures, excess energies and solute segregation behaviours are strongly dependent on the macroscopic geometries of the boundaries. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy combined with lattice statics calculations suggests that the grain-boundary structures are characterized by the accumulation of coordination-deficient cation sites at their cores, whose densities have a clear correlation with excess energies and amounts of solute segregation. The orientation dependence of grain-boundary properties in cubic zirconia can thus be linked and understood via local grain-boundary atomistic structures with the characteristic miscoordinated cation sites.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics