Structure Design of Long-Life Spinel-Oxide Cathode Materials for Magnesium Rechargeable Batteries

Kohei Shimokawa, Taruto Atsumi, Norihiko L. Okamoto, Tomoya Kawaguchi, Susumu Imashuku, Kazuaki Wagatsuma, Masanobu Nakayama, Kiyoshi Kanamura, Tetsu Ichitsubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Development of metal-anode rechargeable batteries is a challenging issue. Especially, magnesium rechargeable batteries are promising in that Mg metal can be free from dendrite formation upon charging. However, in case of oxide cathode materials, inserted magnesium tends to form MgO-like rocksalt clusters in a parent phase even with another structure, which causes poor cyclability. Here, a design concept of high-performance cathode materials is shown, based on: i) selecting an element to destabilize the rocksalt-type structure and ii) utilizing the defect-spinel-type structure both to avoid the spinel-to-rocksalt reaction and to secure the migration path of Mg cations. This theoretical and experimental work substantiates that a defect-spinel-type ZnMnO3 meets the above criteria and shows excellent cycle performance exceeding 100 cycles upon Mg insertion/extraction with high potential (≈2.5 V vs Mg2+/Mg) and capacity (≈100 mAh g−1). Thus, this work would provide a design guideline of cathode materials for various multivalent rechargeable batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2007539
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 18


  • cathode materials
  • cyclabilities
  • defect spinel oxides
  • magnesium rechargeable batteries
  • spinel–rocksalt transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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