A photosystem II-enriched membrane (PSII-em) consists of the PSII core complex (PSII-cc) which is surrounded by peripheral antenna complexes. PSII-cc consists of two core antenna (CP43 and CP47) and the reaction center (RC) complex. Time-resolved fluorescence spectra of a PSII-em were measured at 77 K. The data were globally analyzed with a new compartment model, which has a minimum number of compartments and is consistent with the structure of PSII-cc. The reliability of the model was investigated by fitting the data of different experimental conditions. From the analysis, the energy-transfer time constants from the peripheral antenna to CP47 and CP43 were estimated to be 20 and 35 ps, respectively. With an exponential time constant of 320 ps, the excitation energy was estimated to accumulate in the reddest chlorophyll (Red Chl), giving a 692 nm fluorescence peak. The excited state on the Red Chl was confirmed to be quenched upon the addition of an oxidant, as reported previously. The calculations based on the Förster theory predicted that the excitation energy on Chl29 is quenched by ChlZD1+, which is a redox active but not involved in the electron-transfer chain, located in the D1 subunit of RC, in the other monomer with an exponential time constant of 75 ps. This quenching pathway is consistent with our structure-based simulation of PSII-cc, which assigned Chl29 as the Red Chl. On the other hand, the alternative interpretation assigning Chl26 as the Red Chl was not excluded. The excited Chl26 was predicted to be quenched by another redox active ChlZD2+ in the D2 subunit of RC in the same monomer unit with an exponential time constant of 88 ps.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry