Structural, Spectroscopic, and Electrochemical Studies of the Complexes [Ni 2(μ-CNR)(CNR) 2(μ-dppm) 2] n+ (n = 0, 1, 2): Unusual Examples of Nickel(0)-Nickel(I) and Nickel(0)-Nickel(II) Mixed Valency

Gregory M. Ferrence, Eugenio Simón-Manso, Brian K. Breedlove, Leah Meeuwenberg, Clifford P. Kubiak

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Reaction of Ni(COD) 2 (COD = cyclooctadiene) with dppm (dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino) methane) followed by addition of alkyl or aryl isocyanides yields the class of nickel(0) dimers Ni 2(μ -CNR)(CNR) 2(μ-dppm) 2 (R = CH 3 (1), n-C 4H 9 (2), CH 2C 6H 5 (3), i-C 3H 7 (4), C 6H 11 (5), f-C 4H 9 (6), p-IC 6H 4 (7), 2,6-(CH 3) 2C 6H 3 (8)). The cyclic voltammograms of the dimers exhibit two sequential single electron oxidations to the +1 and +2 forms. Specular reflectance infrared spectroelectrochemical (IRSEC) measurements demonstrate reversible interconversions between the neutral Ni(0) dimers and their +1 and +2 forms. Bulk samples of the +2 forms are prepared by chemical oxidation using [FeCP 2][PF 6], while the +1 forms are prepared by the comproportionation of neutral and +2 forms. The neutral complexes 6 and 8 were characterized by X-ray diffraction as symmetric, locally tetrahedral binuclear Ni(0) complexes. The +2 forms of these complexes, 6 2+ and 8 2+, have asymmetric structures with one locally square planar and one locally tetrahedral metal center, evidence for a Ni(II)-Ni(0) mixed valence state. The X-ray structural characterization of 6 + is symmetrical and qualitatively similar to that of the neutral complex 6. The +1 forms all exhibit intense near IR electronic absorptions that are assigned as intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) bands. On the basis of structural, spectroscopic, and electrochemical data, the +1 forms of the complexes, 1 +-8 +, are assigned as Robin-Day class III, fully delocalized Ni(+0.5)-Ni(+0.5) mixed valence complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1081
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb 9
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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