Interlocked structures, such as rotaxane and catenane, combine both static and dynamic properties. To expand their unique properties into the chemical biology field, a spontaneous formation method of the interlocked structures with the target would be ideal. We have previously developed a pseudorotaxane-forming oligo DNA (prfODN) to spontaneously form topological DNA/RNA architectures. In this study, we report the structural optimization of prfODNs for the efficient and stable complex formation. The optimized prfODNs efficiently formed pseudorotaxane structures with a DNA or RNA target, and the yield for the RNA target reached 85% in 5 min. In addition, the optimized prfODNs could form the pseudorotaxane structure with a smaller ring size and the structure significantly increased the kinetic stability. Furthermore, the catenane structure was successfully formed with the optimized prfODNs to provide the conclusive evidence for the formation of the threaded structure. This information will be valuable for developing new chemical methods using functional nucleic acids for antisense oligo nucleotides and DNA/RNA nanotechnology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas