Structural inheritance and redox performance of nanoporous electrodes from nanocrystalline Fe85.2 B10-14 P0-4 Cu0.8 alloys

Chaoqun Fu, Lijun Xu, Zhenhua Dan, Akihiro Makino, Nobuyoshi Hara, Fengxiang Qin, Hui Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanoporous electrodes have been fabricated by selectively dissolving the less noble α-Fe crystalline phase from nanocrystalline Fe85.2 B14–x Px Cu0.8 alloys (x= 0, 2, 4 at.%). The preferential dissolution is triggered by the weaker electrochemical stability of α-Fe nanocrystals than amorphous phase. The final nanoporous structure is mainly composed of amorphous residual phase and minor undissolved α-Fe crystals and can be predicted from initial microstructure of nanocrystalline precursor alloys. The structural inheritance is proved by the similarity of the size and outlines between nanopores formed after dealloying in 0.1 M H2 SO4 and α-Fe nanocrystals precipitated after annealing of amorphous Fe85.2 B14−x Px Cu0.8 (x = 0, 2, 4 at.%) alloys. The Redox peak current density of the nanoporous electrodes obtained from nanocrystalline Fe85.2 B10 P4 Cu0.8 alloys is more than one order higher than those of Fe plate electrode and its counterpart nanocrystalline alloys due to the large surface area and nearly-amorphous nature of ligaments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141
JournalNanomaterials
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 8

Keywords

  • Amorphous materials
  • Corrosion
  • Dealloying
  • Nanocrystalline soft magnetic material
  • Nanoporous material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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