The melt-isothermal crystallization behaviour has been investigated for isotactic polypropylene (iPP) by means of time-resolved simultaneous measurements of small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) using synchrotron radiation source in SPring-8. The time-resolved Fourier-transform infrared spectral (FTIR) measurements were also performed to clarify the formation process of helices. The SAXS data were analyzed on the basis of Guinier (isolated domains) and Debye-Bueche (correlated domains) theories and correlation function (stacked lamellae). The results were combined with the FTIR data, allowing us to draw the concrete structural evolution process including the formation of regular helices and their growth, the correlation of higher density domains consisting of these helices, and the increment of correlation between the neighbouring lamellae to build up the stacked lamellar structure of higher crystallinity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)