Structural design of easy-axis magnetic anisotropy and determination of anisotropic parameters of LnIII-CuII single-molecule magnets

Takashi Kajiwara, Motohiro Nakano, Kohei Takahashi, Shinya Takaishi, Masahiro Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

152 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four dinuclear LnIII-CuII complexes with Ln=Tb (1), Dy (2), Ho (3), and Er (4) were synthesized to investigate the relationship between their respective magnetic anisotropies and ligand-field geometries. These complexes were crystallographically isostructural, and a uni-axial ligand field was achieved by using three phenoxo oxygen groups. Complexes 1 and 2 displayed typical single-molecule magnet (SMM) behaviors, of which the out-of-phase susceptibilities were observed in the temperature range of 1.8-5.0 K (1) and 1.8-20.0 K (2). The Cole-Cole plots exhibited a semicircular shape with α parameters in the range of 0.08-0.18 (2.6-4.0 K) and 0.07-0.24 (3.5-7.0 K). The energy barriers δ/kB were estimated from the Arrhenius plots to be 32.9(4) K for 1 and 26.0(5) K for 2. Complex 3 displayed a slow magnetic relaxation below 3.0 K, whereas complex 4 did not show any frequency-dependent behavior for both in-phase and out-of-phase susceptibilities, which indicates that easy-axis anisotropy was absent. The temperature dependence of the dc susceptibilities for the field-aligned samples of 1-3 revealed that the XMT value continuously increased as the temperature was lowered, which indicates the presence of low-lying Stark sublevels with the highest |Jz| values. In contrast, complex 4 displayed a smaller and temperature-independent XMT value, which also indicates that easy-axis anisotropy was absent. Simultaneous analyses were carried out for 1-3 to determine the magnetic anisotropy parameters on the basis of the Hamiltonian that considers B20, B4 0, and B60. Let's stick together: Four dinuclear LnIII-CuII complexes (Ln=Tb, Dy, Ho, Er) were synthesized to investigate the relationship between their respective magnetic and ligand-field anisotropies. A uni-axial ligand field (see figure) was achieved by using three phenoxo oxygen atoms in these complexes, of which detailed single-molecule magnet behaviors and the determination of magnetic anisotropy parameters were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-205
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 3

Keywords

  • lanthanides
  • ligand field anisotropy
  • magnetic anisotropy
  • single-molecule magnets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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