Structural characterization and iron detection at ∑3 grain boundaries in multicrystalline silicon

Bin Chen, Jun Chen, Takashi Sekiguchi, Mitsuhiro Saito, Koji Kimoto

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50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transition-metal impurities gettered by grain boundaries (GBs) act as recombination centers of carriers and are regarded to be harmful defects in multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) used for solar cell production. In this study, gettering of iron by ∑3 GBs in mc-Si was investigated by using transmission electron microscopy and annular dark-field (ADF) imaging. In the clean specimen, both straight ∑3{111} GB and zig-zag ∑3{110}, {112} GBs are not electrically active, whereas the zig-zag ∑3{110}, {112} GBs become electrically active when contaminated with iron. ADF images have shown that iron is preferentially gettered at the irregular parts of zig-zag ∑3{112} GB and exists in the form of clusters. The iron gettering abilities of these ∑3 GBs have been discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113502
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume105
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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