Structural and electronic impact of SrTiO 3 substrate on TiO 2thin films

Zhongchang Wang, Rong Sun, Chunlin Chen, Mitsuhiro Saito, Susumu Tsukimoto, Yuichi Ikuhara

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We demonstrate that the atomic structures, electronic states, and bonding nature of the interface between SrTiO 3 substrate and anatase TiO 2 thin films could be related and technologically manipulated at the atomic level. Applying advanced transmission electron microscopy, the grown anatase TiO 2 thin films are found to make a clean and direct contact to the SrTiO 3 substrates in an epitaxial, coherent, and atomically abrupt way. The atomic-resolution microscopic images reveal that the interface comprises SrO-terminated SrTiO 3 and Ti-terminated TiO 2 with the interfacial Ti of TiO2 sitting above the hollow site, which is confirmed theoretically to be the most energetically favorable. Quantitatively, the first-principles calculations predict that the oxygen sublattice at the interface undergoes a notable reconstruction, i.e., the interfacial O atoms of TiO2 are displaced largely toward the SrO plane of the SrTiO3, flattening the originally zigzag TiO 2 atomic chains. Consequently, the interfacial layers suffer a remarkable modification in the charge accumulation and also a deviation in the density of states from their bulk counterparts, indicating that the substrate can have an impact on the deposited thin films electronically. Using several analytic methods, the SrTiO 3/TiO 2 interface is found to take on a metallic nature, and the interfacial bonding is determined to be of a mixed covalent and ionic character. This combined experimental and theoretical investigation gains insight into the complex atomic and electronic structures of the buried interface, which are fundamental for relating the atomic-scale structures to their properties on a quantum level.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5148-5157
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Materials Science
    Volume47
    Issue number13
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering

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