Strongly spin-orbit coupled two-dimensional electron gas emerging near the surface of polar semiconductors

M. Sakano, M. S. Bahramy, A. Katayama, T. Shimojima, H. Murakawa, Y. Kaneko, W. Malaeb, S. Shin, K. Ono, H. Kumigashira, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, H. Y. Hwang, Y. Tokura, K. Ishizaka

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121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the two-dimensional highly spin-polarized electron accumulation layers commonly appearing near the surface of n-type polar semiconductors BiTeX (X=I, Br, and Cl) by angular-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Because of the polarity and the strong spin-orbit interaction built in the bulk atomic configurations, the quantized conduction-band subbands show giant Rashba-type spin splitting. The characteristic 2D confinement effect is clearly observed also in the valence bands down to the binding energy of 4 eV. The X-dependent Rashba spin-orbit coupling is directly estimated from the observed spin-split subbands, which roughly scales with the inverse of the band-gap size in BiTeX.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107204
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume110
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 7
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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