This paper reviews strong motion seismology in Japan. It describes advances in strong motion seismology in the last decade, the current state of the art, and unresolved issues in the following areas: (1) Observation and data processing of strong ground motion, (2) Local site effects, and (3) Simulation and prediction of strong ground motion. In the first area, it reviews the current state of strong motion observation and data processing: fundamental subjects in strong motion seismology. In the next area, it describes empirical evaluations of site amplification factors, effects of soil nonlinearity, effects of topographical and subsurface irregularity, and application of microtremors. In the last area, it summarizes the results of empirical, semi-empirical, and numerical techniques for the simulation and the prediction of strong ground motions due to actual earthquakes. Finally, future directions of research are suggested, based on the current state of the art in strong motion seismology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)