The resonance between the G-band phonon excitation and Landau level optical transitions in graphene has been systematically studied by micromagneto Raman mapping. In purely decoupled graphene regions on a graphite substrate, eight traces of anticrossing spectral features with G-mode peaks are observed as a function of magnetic fields up to 9 T, and these traces correspond to either symmetric or asymmetric Landau level transitions. Three distinct split peaks of the G mode, named G-, Gi, and G+, are observed at the strong magnetophonon resonance condition corresponding to a magnetic field of ∼4.65 T. These three special modes are attributed to (i) the coupling between the G phonon and the magneto-optical transitions, which is responsible for G+ and G- and can be well described by the two coupled mode model and (ii) the magnetic field-dependent oscillation of the Gi band, which is currently explained by the G band of graphite modified by the interaction with G+ and G-. The pronounced interaction between Dirac fermions and phonons demonstrates a dramatically small Landau level width (∼1.3 meV), which is a signature of the ultrahigh quality graphene obtained on the surface of graphite.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Oct 10|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics