The local electronic structure of the SrO-terminated SrTiO3(001) surface was explored using scanning tunneling microscopy. At low bias voltages in the empty states, a unidirectional structure with a periodicity of three unit cells, superimposed on a c(2×2) reconstructed structure, was found to develop along the crystallographic a axis. This structure indicates a charge-ordered stripe induced by carrier doping from oxygen vacancies in the SrO and the subsurface TiO2 planes. In the filled states, localized deep in-gap states were observed in addition to large energy gaps in the tunneling spectra. This result represents inelastic tunneling due to significant electron-lattice interaction associated with unidirectional lattice distortion in the SrO-terminated surface.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Mar 25|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics