Strigolactone Positively Controls Crown Root Elongation in Rice

Tomotsugu Arite, Hiromu Kameoka, Junko Kyozuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Strigolactones are recently identified plant hormones that inhibit shoot branching. Pleiotropic defects in strigolactone-deficient or -insensitive mutants indicate that strigolactones control various aspects of plant growth and development. However, our understanding of the hormonal function of strigolactones in plants is very limited. In this study we demonstrate that rice dwarf mutants that are strigolactone-deficient or -insensitive exhibit a short crown root phenotype. Exogenous application of GR24, a synthetic strigolactone analog, complemented the crown root defect in strigolactone-deficient mutants but not in strigolactone-insensitive mutants. These observations imply that strigolactones positively regulate the length of crown roots. Histological observations revealed that the meristematic zone is shorter in dwarf mutants than in wild type, suggesting that strigolactones may exert their effect on roots via the control of cell division. We also show that crown roots of wild type, but not dwarf mutants, become longer under phosphate starvation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-172
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Plant Growth Regulation
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell division
  • Oryza sativa
  • Phosphate starvation
  • Root development
  • Strigolactone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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