Stresses at sites close to the Nojima Fault measured from core samples

K. Yamamoto, Yasuo Yabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Nojima Fault in Awaji, Hyogo prefecture, Japan, was ruptured during the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake (MJMA = 7.2). Toshima is located close to the fault segment, in which a large dislocation has been observed on the Earth's surface. Ikuha is near the southern end of the buried fault that extends from the surface rupture. Stresses are measured on core samples taken at depths of 310 m, 312 m and 415 m at Toshima and a depth of 351 m at Ikuha. The measured stresses show that both sites are in the field of a strike-slip regime, but compression dominates at Toshima. Defining the relative shear stress as the maximum shear stress divided by the normal stress on the maximum shear plane, the relative shear stress ranges from 0.42 to 0.54 at Toshima and is approximately 0.32 at Ikuha. While the value at Ikuha is moderate, those at Toshima are comparably large to those in areas close to the inferred fault of the 1984 Nagano-ken Seibu earthquake. Value amounts greater than 0.4 suggest that there are areas of large relative shear stress along faults, thus having the potential to generate earthquakes. Provided that the cores are correctly oriented, the largest horizontal stresses at shallow depths are in the direction from N113°E to N139°E at Toshima and N74°E at Ikuha, indicating that the fault does not orient optimally for the stress field at both sites. The slip is known to be predominant in the right-lateral strike-slip component. Although this slip may appear contradictory to the stress field at Toshima, the slip direction is found to be parallel to the measured stresses resolved on the fault plane for the first approximation. The ratio of shear stress to normal stress on the fault plane is roughly estimated to be greater than zero and smaller than 0.3 near Toshima.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-281
Number of pages16
JournalIsland Arc
Volume10
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Coulomb's criterion
  • Deformation rate analysis
  • In situ stress
  • Resolved shear stress
  • Slip direction
  • Stress memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Stresses at sites close to the Nojima Fault measured from core samples'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this