Stress-strain effects in alumina-Cu reinforced Nb3Sn wires fabricated by the tube process

Satoru Murase, Shigeo Nakayama, Tamaki Masegi, Kei Koyanagi, Shunji Nomura, Noriyuki Shiga, Norio Kobayashi, Kazuo Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In order to fabricate a large-bore, high-field magnet which achieves a low coil weight and volume, a high strength compound superconducting wire is required. For those demands we have developed the reinforced Nb3Sn wire using alumina dispersion strengthened copper (alumina-Cu) as a reinforcement material and the tube process of the Nb3Sn wire fabrication. The ductility study of the composites which consisted of the reinforcement, Nb tube, Cu, and Cu clad Sn brought a 1 km long alumina-Cu reinforced Nb3Sn wire successfully. Using fabricated wires measurements and evaluations of critical current density as parameters of magnetic field, tensile stress, tensile strain, and transverse compressive stress, and those of stress-strain curves at 4.2 K were performed. They showed superior performance such as high 0.3% proof stress (240 MPa at 0.3% strain) and high maximum tolerance stress (320 MPa) which were two times as large as those of conventional Cu matrix Nb3Sn wire. The strain sensitivity parameters were obtained for the reinforced Nb3Sn wire and the Cu matrix one using the scaling law. Residual stress of the component materials caused by cooling down to 4.2 K from heat-treatment temperature was calculated using equivalent Young's modulus, equivalent yield strength, thermal expansion coefficient and other mechanical parameters. Calculated stress-strain curves at 4.2 K for the reinforced Nb3Sn wire and the Cu matrix one based on calculation of residual stress, had good agreement with the experimental values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-806
Number of pages6
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Alumina-copper
  • Critical current density
  • Mechanical strength
  • NbSn
  • Reinforcement
  • Strain effect
  • Superconductor
  • Tube process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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