Stress Induced tRNA Halves (tiRNAs) as Biomarkers for Stroke and Stroke Therapy; Pre-clinical Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

tiRNAs are small non-coding RNAs generated by angiogenin-mediated tRNA cleavage during cellular stress. Some tiRNAs were shown to be cytoprotective, while other reports indicate that the generation of tiRNAs is cytotoxic. We used rat model of focal cerebral ischemia–reperfusion (I/R) injury to study the generation and regulation of tiRNAs following in vivo I/R and the impact of neuroprotective therapy on their generation. tiRNAs were induced after I/R and Minocycline therapy reduced global tiRNA levels. Our results showed that tRNA cleavage is tRNA species specific, and neuroprotective treatment does not affect all tiRNA species. We also evaluated the temporal changes in several tRNA modifying enzymes and showed a correlation between their expression and tRNA cleavage. In conclusion, we show that tiRNAs can serve as biomarkers for stroke and stroke therapy, further adding them to the repertoire of tools that can be used to monitor and treat stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-54
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroscience
Volume434
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 10

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • cerebral ischemia
  • non-coding RNA
  • stroke
  • tRNA cleavage
  • tiRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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