Strengthening Behaviors of Low-Precious Ag-Pd-Au-Zn Alloys for Dental Applications

Mitsuo Niinomi, Masaaki Nakai, Junko Hieda, Ken-Cho, Yonghwan Kim, Hisao Fukui

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Ag-Pd-Au-Zn alloys are frequently strengthened by an aging treatment after an initial solution treatment. However, Ag-Pd-Au-Zn alloys can be significantly strengthened by solution treatment alone. This phenomenon is unique, as the strength of metallic materials is generally decreased by solution treatment because of the precipitates dissolving into the surrounding matrix. Among the Ag-Pd-Au-Zn alloys, Ag-20Pd-12Au-14.5Cu alloy (in mass %) is the standard compositional alloy used for practical applications. The main source of the solution-treated Ag-20Pd-12Au-14.5Cu alloy strengthening was expected to be a P' phase formation during the cooling process from the solution treatment's high temperature; this is clarified by changing the solution heat treatment and aging treatment conditions of using as-received wrought Ag-20Pd-12Au-14.5Cu alloy and liquid rapid solidified Ag-20Pd-12Au-14.5Cu alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBiomaterials Science
Subtitle of host publicationProcessing, Properties and Applications V: Ceramic Transactions, Volume 254
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781119190134
ISBN (Print)9781119190028
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 4


  • Dental application
  • Heat treatment
  • Metallic material
  • Strengthening behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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