Strains of bradyrhizobium cosmicum sp. Nov., isolated from contrasting habitats in japan and canada possess photosynthesis gene clusters with the hallmark of genomic islands

Sawa Wasai-Hara, Kiwamu Minamisawa, Sylvie Cloutier, Eden S.P. Bromfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The taxonomic status of two previously characterized Bradyrhizobium strains (58S1T and S23321) isolated from contrasting habitats in Canada and Japan was verified by genomic and phenotypic analyses. Phylogenetic analyses of five and 27 concatenated protein-encoding core gene sequences placed both strains in a highly supported lineage distinct from named species in the genus Bradyrhizobium with Bradyrhizobium betae as the closest relative. Average nucleotide identity values of genome sequences between the test and reference strains were between 84.5 and 94.2 %, which is below the threshold value for bacterial species circumscription. The complete genomes of strains 58S1T and S23321 consist of single chromosomes of 7.30 and 7.23 Mbp, respectively, and do not have symbiosis islands. The genomes of both strains have a G+C content of 64.3 mol%. Present in the genome of these strains is a photosynthesis gene cluster (PGC) containing key photosynthesis genes. A tRNA gene and its partial tandem duplication were found at the boundaries of the PGC region in both strains, which is likely the hallmark of genomic island insertion. Key nitrogen-fixation genes were detected in the genomes of both strains, but nodulation and type III secretion system genes were not found. Sequence analysis of the nitrogen fixation gene, nifH, placed 58S1T and S23321 in a novel lineage distinct from described Bradyrhizobium species. Data for phenotypic tests, including growth characteristics and carbon source utilization, supported the sequence-based analyses. Based on the data presented here, a novel species with the name Bradyrhizobium cosmicum sp. nov. is proposed with 58S1T (=LMG 31545T=HAMBI 3725T) as the type strain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number004380
Pages (from-to)5063-5074
Number of pages12
JournalInternational journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Volume70
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Bradyrhizobium cosmicum
  • Complete genome sequence
  • Genomic island
  • Photosynthesis gene cluster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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