The singularity of the structure in (1-x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-xPbTiO3 (PMN-xPT) (x = 0-50 mol-) epitaxial thin films of 100 nm thickness was investigated from the viewpoint of the localized residual strain in the nanoscale. The films were deposited on SrTiO3 (STO) (001) single-crystal substrates by chemical solution deposition (CSD) using metallo-organic decomposition (MOD) solutions. X-ray and electron diffraction patterns revealed that PMN-xPT thin films included a single phase of the perovskite-type structure with the cube-on-cube orientation relationship between PMN-xPT and STO: (001)Film k (001)Sub, Film k Sub. X-ray reciprocal space maps showed an in-plane tensile strain in all the compositional ranges considered. Unit cells in the films were strained from the rhombohedral (pseudocubic) R phase to a lower symmetry crystal system, the monoclinic (MB) phase. The morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) that split the R and tetragonal (T) phases was observed at x = 30-35 for bulk crystals of PMN-xPT, whereas the strain suppressed the transformation from the R phase to the T phase in the films up to x = 50. High-angle annular dark field-scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) analysis and its related local strain analysis revealed that all of the films have a bilayer morphology. The nanoscale strained layer formed only above the film/substrate semi-coherent interface. The misfit dislocations generated the localized and periodic strain fields deformed the unit cells between the dislocation cores from the R to an another type of the monoclinic (MA) phase. Thus, the singular and localized residual strains in the PMN-xPT/STO (001) epitaxial thin films affect the phase stability around the MPB composition and result in the MPB shift phenomena.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)