Strain anomalies induced by the 2011 tohoku earthquake (mw 9.0) as observed by a dense gps network in northeastern japan

Mako Ohzono, Yasuo Yabe, Takeshi Iinuma, Yusaku Ohta, Satoshi Miura, Kenji Tachibana, Toshiya Sato, Tomotsugu Demachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have evaluated an anomalous crustal strain in the Tohoku region, northeastern Japan associated with a step-like stress change induced by the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake (Mw9.0). Because the source area of the event was extremely large, the gradient of the observed eastward coseismic displacements that accompanied uniform stress change had a relatively uniform EW extension in northeastern Japan. Accordingly, the deformation anomaly, which is determined by subtracting the predicted displacement in a half-space elastic media from the observed displacement, should reflect the inhomogeneity of the rheology, or stiffness, of the crust. The difference of the EW extension anomaly between the forearc and backarc regions possibly indicates a dissimilarity of stiffness, depending on the crustal structure of the Tohoku region. The Ou-backbone range-a strain concentration zone in the interseismic period-shows an extension deficit compared with predictions. A low viscosity in the lower crust probably induced a relatively small extension. Meanwhile, the northern part of the Niigata-Kobe tectonic zone, another strain concentration zone, indicates an excess of extensional field. This is probably caused by a low elastic moduli of the thick sedimentation layer. The detection of strain anomalies in the coseismic period enables a new interpretation of the deformation process at strain concentration zones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1231-1238
Number of pages8
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume64
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • 2011 tohoku earthquake
  • Coseismic strain anomaly
  • Strain concentration zone
  • Structural heterogeneity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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