Storage and retrieval of parametric down-conversion (PDC) photons are demonstrated with electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). Extreme frequency filtering is performed for the THz order of broadband PDC light and the frequency bandwidth of the light is reduced to the MHz order. Storage and retrieval procedures are carried out for frequency-filtered PDC photons. Since the filtered bandwidth (full width at half-maximum (FWHM) = 9 MHz) is within the EIT window (FWHM = 12.6 MHz), the flux of the PDC light is successfully stored and retrieved. The nonclassicality of the retrieved light is confirmed by using the photon counting method, where the classical inequality that is only satisfied for classical light fields is introduced. Since PDC photons can be utilized for producing a single-photon state conditionally, storage and retrieval procedures are also performed for conditional single photons. The anticorrelation parameter used for checking the property of the single-photon state shows a value of less than 1, which means that the retrieved light is in a nonclassical region.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)