Stoma-related complications in inflammatory bowel disease

Ken Ichi Takahashi, Yuji Funayama, Kouhei Fukushima, Chikashi Shibata, Hitoshi Ogawa, Eiko Kumagai, Iwao Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study was designed to evaluate the incidence and details of stoma-related complications in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease who underwent permanent enterostomas, and to analyze the specific problems in these diseases. Methods: Permanent enterostomas constructed for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease between 1984 and 2004 in our institution were included. The incidence and details of stoma-related complications were investigated retrospectively. The cumulative probability of complications and stoma reconstruction was also estimated by the Kaplan-Meier life-table analysis. Results: 43 patients with ulcerative colitis and 59 patients with Crohn's disease underwent 46 and 76 stoma constructions, respectively. Stoma-related complications, including fistula, retraction and stenosis, were significantly more frequent in patients with Crohn's disease (36.8%) than ulcerative colitis (17.4%) (p < 0.05). The cumulative risk of complications and the necessity for stoma reconstruction was significantly higher in patients with Crohn's disease (p < 0.05). Among the patients with Crohn's disease, colostomies were likely to receive revisional surgery earlier than ileostomies (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In the surgical therapy of inflammatory bowel disease, special attention should be paid in the high incidence of stoma-related complications in patients with Crohn's disease, which needs revisional surgery more frequently.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
JournalDigestive Surgery
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr

Keywords

  • Colostomy
  • Crohn's disease
  • Fistula
  • Ileostomy
  • Stoma
  • Stoma-related complications
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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