STOCHASTIC PARTICLE ACCELERATION in TURBULENCE GENERATED by MAGNETOROTATIONAL INSTABILITY

Shigeo S. Kimura, Kenji Toma, Takeru K. Suzuki, Shu Ichiro Inutsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate stochastic particle acceleration in accretion flows. It is believed that magnetorotational instability (MRI) generates turbulence inside accretion flows and that cosmic rays (CRs) are accelerated by the turbulence. We calculate equations of motion for CRs in the turbulent fields generated by MRI with the shearing box approximation and without back reaction to the field. Our results show that the CRs randomly gain or lose their energy through interaction with the turbulent fields. The CRs diffuse in the configuration space anisotropically: the diffusion coefficient in the direction of the unperturbed flow is about 20 times higher than the Bohm coefficient, while those in the other directions are only a few times higher than the Bohm. The momentum distribution is isotropic and its evolution can be described by the diffusion equation in momentum space where the diffusion coefficient is a power-law function of the CR momentum. We show that the shear acceleration works efficiently for energetic particles. We also cautiously note that in the shearing box approximation, particles that cross the simulation box many times along the radial direction undergo unphysical runaway acceleration by the Lorentz transformation, which needs to be taken into account with special care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number88
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume822
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 10

Keywords

  • acceleration of particles
  • accretion, accretion disks
  • galaxies: nuclei
  • turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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