Stepwise phosphorylation of leukotriene B4 receptor 1 defines cellular responses to leukotriene B4

Yoshimitsu Nakanishi, Modong Tan, Takako Ichiki, Asuka Inoue, Jun Ichi Yoshihara, Naoto Maekawa, Itsuki Takenoshita, Keisuke Yanagida, Shinya Yamahira, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Junken Aoki, Teruyuki Nagamune, Takehiko Yokomizo, Takao Shimizu, Motonao Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptor type 1 (BLT1) is abundant in phagocytic and immune cells and plays crucial roles in various inflammatory diseases. BLT1 is phosphorylated at several serine and threonine residues upon stimulation with the inflammatory lipid LTB4. Using Phos-tag gel electrophoresis to separate differentially phosphorylated forms of BLT1, we identified two distinct types of phosphorylation, basal and ligand-induced, in the carboxyl terminus of human BLT1. In the absence of LTB4, the basal phosphorylation sites were modified to various degrees, giving rise to many different phosphorylated forms of BLT1. Different concentrations of LTB4 induced distinct phosphorylation events, and these ligand-induced modifications facilitated additional phosphorylation events at the basal phosphorylation sites. Because neutrophils migrate toward inflammatory sites along a gradient of LTB4, the degree of BLT1 phosphorylation likely increases in parallel with the increase in LTB4 concentration as the cells migrate. At high concentrations of LTB4, deficiencies in these two types of phosphorylation events impaired chemotaxis and b-hexosaminidase release, a proxy for degranulation, in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) and rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells, respectively. These results suggest that an LTB4 gradient around inflammatory sites enhances BLT1 phosphorylation in a stepwise manner to facilitate the precise migration of phagocytic and immune cells and the initiation of local responses, including degranulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaao5390
JournalScience Signaling
Volume11
Issue number544
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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