Bock, Muraki, and Pfeiffenberger (1988) proposed a dichotomous item response theory (IRT) model for the detection of differential item functioning (DIF), and they estimated the IRT parameters and the means and standard deviations of the multiple latent trait distributions. This IRT DIF detection method is extended to the partial credit model (Masters, 1982; Muraki, 1993) and presented as one of the multiple-group IRT models. Uniform and non-uniform DIF items and heterogeneous latent trait distributions were used to generate polytomous responses of multiple groups. The DIF method was applied to this simulated data using a stepwise procedure. The standardized DIF measures for slope and item location parameters successfully detected the non-uniform and uniform DIF items as well as recovered the means and standard deviations of the latent trait distributions. This stepwise DIF analysis based on the multiple-group partial credit model was then applied to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) writing trend data.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Educational Measurement|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Applied Psychology
- Psychology (miscellaneous)