There is still controversy surrounding the indications for performing either a retrograde ureteral stent or percutaneous nephrostomy to manage malignant extrinsic ureteral obstruction (MEUO). We retrospectively analyzed 53 patients who underwent a decompression of MEUO using retrograde ureteral stent. Ureteral stent failure occurred in 18 of 53 patients (34%). Multivariate analysis showed that gastrointestinal cancer as the primary disease, poor preoperative performance status and severe preoperative hydronephrosis were independent predictors of stent failure. Based on the present data, we propose an algorithm for the management of MEUO.
- Malignant extrinsic ureteral obstruction
- Stent failure
- Ureteral stenting
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