Stem cells in dentistry - Part II: Clinical applications

Hiroshi Egusa, Wataru Sonoyama, Masahiro Nishimura, Ikiru Atsuta, Kentaro Akiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New technologies that facilitate solid alveolar ridge augmentation are receiving considerable attention in the field of prosthodontics because of the growing requirement for esthetic and functional reconstruction by dental implant treatments. Recently, several studies have demonstrated potential advantages for stem-cell-based therapies in regenerative treatments. Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are now an excellent candidate for tissue replacement therapies, and tissue engineering approaches and chair-side cellular grafting approaches using autologous MSCs represent the clinical state of the art for stem-cell-based alveolar bone regeneration. Basic studies have revealed that crosstalk between implanted donor cells and recipient immune cells plays a key role in determining clinical success that may involve the recently observed immunomodulatory properties of MSCs. Part II of this review first overviews progress in regenerative dentistry to consider the implications of the stem cell technology in dentistry and then highlights cutting-edge stem-cell-based alveolar bone regenerative therapies. Factors that affect stem-cell-based bone regeneration as related to the local immune response are then discussed. Additionally, pre-clinical stem cell studies for the regeneration of teeth and other oral organs as well as possible applications of MSC-based immunotherapy in dentistry are outlined. Finally, the marketing of stem cell technology in dental stem cell banks with a view toward future regenerative therapies is introduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-248
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone regeneration
  • Immunotherapy
  • Implant dentistry
  • Stem cells
  • Tissue engineering
  • Tooth regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

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