Status of paddy soils as affected by paddy rice and upland soybean rotation in northeast Japan, with special reference to nitrogen fertility

Mizuhiko Nishida, Hiroyuki Sekiya, Koji Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the current available nitrogen (N) and chemical properties of paddy soils affected by crop rotation between irrigated paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) and upland soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] (paddy-upland rotation), topsoils were collected from 22 fields of four different farmers in the northeastern region of Japan. Regardless of organic material application, a significant negative correlation was found between available soil N and an increase in the proportions of upland seasons to total crop seasons after the initiation of paddy-upland rotation. Soil total N and total carbon (C) also tended to decrease with an increase in upland frequency. In fields with repeated applications of cattle manure compost, the soil available N was higher than in fields where only crop residue was applied. A significant negative correlation was also found between the soil available N:total N ratio and upland frequency. This indicates that the part of soil N related to available N was notably lost by the use of paddy fields as upland fields. In order to sustain available soil N over the minimum suitable level of 80 mg kg-1, upland frequency should not exceed 65% when only crop residues and no other organic materials are applied. The upland frequency can be raised by the repeated application of organic materials which maintain a higher level of available soil N. The results imply that care should be taken to maintain the N fertility of paddy soil at a suitable level in paddy-upland rotation, and that upland frequency and organic materials applied are important factors to do this.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-217
Number of pages10
JournalSoil Science and Plant Nutrition
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 1

Keywords

  • available nitrogen
  • paddy soil
  • paddy-upland rotation
  • rice
  • soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

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