Statistical properties of microwave backscattering from laboratory wind-wave surfaces

Naoto Ebuchi, Hiroshi Kawamura, Yoshiaki Toba

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5 Citations (Scopus)


The microwave backscattering from wind-wave surfaces is observed in a windwave tunnel under various conditions of the wind and wind waves, and its statistical features are investigated. The dependence of the backscattered power on the wind speed and the incident angle shows similar features to those predicted by models proposed previously. However, the dependence of the backscattered power on the incident angles also corresponds to the asymmetrical feature of the wind-wave surfaces with respect to the wind direction. The spectral analyses of time series of the backscattered intensity show that the propagating speed of fine structures of the wind-wave surface contributing to the backscattering at large incident angles does not coincide with the phase speed of the freely propagating Braggwaves. Atupwind incidence, the surface structures of wind waves contributing to the backscattering propagates with the dominant waves at their phase speed. This result is inconsistent with the two-scale model in which the Bragg waves are simply superimposed on longer waves, but is consistent with the results of optical observation by Ebuchi et al. (1987). At downwind incidence, the propagating speed is slower than the phase speed of the dominant waves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-154
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography


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