Statistical characteristics of land surface properties for the regional hydroclimate model

S. Kure, S. Jang, N. Ohara, M. L. Kavvas

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    In order to obtain good regional hydroclimate simulation results, land surface properties such as leaf area index (LAI), albedo, emissivity, and roughness height are important for land surface hydrology modeling. A number of models have been proposed to describe the interaction between land surface and atmosphere during the last decade. The problem of these models is not taking account of spatial and temporal variability of the land surface properties within a computational grid. In an actual watershed, spatial distribution of vegetation is inhomogeneous, and its canopy varies seasonally. As such, it is necessary to consider the seasonal change of land surface properties in the land surface parameterization that is required for a regional hydroclimate model. The objective of this study is to understand the statistical characteristics of land surface properties. The satellite driven data from MODIS combined with local vegetation survey have been analyzed at a few selected watersheds in California in this study. The monthly spatial distributions of the land surface parameters have been computed. It was found that spatial distributions of the land surface parameters vary significantly in space and with seasons. This result indicates that non-stationarity as well as spatial variability of land surface parameters needs to be considered in land surface parameterization.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009
    Subtitle of host publicationGreat Rivers
    Pages6040-6048
    Number of pages9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct 26
    EventWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers - Kansas City, MO, United States
    Duration: 2009 May 172009 May 21

    Publication series

    NameProceedings of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009 - World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers
    Volume342

    Other

    OtherWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CityKansas City, MO
    Period09/5/1709/5/21

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Environmental Science(all)

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