Stationary potentials after median nerve stimulation: changes with arm position

Shigeki Kameyama, Thoru Yamada, Hiroo Matsuoka, Yasunori Fuchigami, Yuji Nakazumi, Chung kyu Suh, Jun Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously reported the presence of stationary negative potentials (N3, N6, N9) over the arm ipsilateral to the side of median nerve stimulation. In this study, we examined the effect of different arm positions upon these stationary peaks in 12 normal subjects. When arm position was changed from elbow extended to elbow flexed 90°, we recorded a new negative peak, N4. The peak latency of N4 corresponded to the traveling impulse reaching the distal biceps brachii. With the elbow flexed, N3, N6 and N9 peak latencies significantly shortened compared to those recorded with the arm in the usual elbow extended position. In contrast, with the arm abducted at the shoulder, N6 and N9 latencies were significantly prolonged while N3 remained unchanged. Corresponding latency shifts were also observed in the bipolarly recorded traveling impulse. We consider 2 possible factors for N4 enhancement by elbow flexion. One is the change in conducting volume surrounding the nerve, i.e., increased muscle bulk of biceps brachii. The other is the change in axial orientation of the propagating nerve impulse by 90°. We also propose that the latency shifts of the stationary potential as well as of a travelling wave can be attributed primarily to relaxation or stretching of the nerve trunk with change in arm position.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-356
Number of pages9
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/ Evoked Potentials
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Keywords

  • Far-field potential
  • Somatosensory evoked potential
  • Stationary potentials
  • Traveling wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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