STAT5a/PPARγ pathway regulates involucrin expression in keratinocyte differentiation

Xiuju Dai, Koji Sayama, Yuji Shirakata, Yasushi Hanakawa, Kenshi Yamasaki, Sho Tokumaru, Lujun Yang, Xiaoling Wang, Satoshi Hirakawa, Mikiko Tohyama, Toshimasa Yamauchi, Kadowaki Takashi, Hiroyuki Kagechika, Koji Hashimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are critical to growth factor-mediated intracellular signal transduction. We observed the rapid expression and activation of STAT5a during keratinocyte differentiation induced by suspension culture. STAT5a expression preceded that of involucrin, an important molecule in the terminal differentiation of keratinocytes. To determine whether STAT5a regulated involucrin expression, we expressed a dominant-negative (dn) STAT5a that blocks the dimerization of STAT5 and inhibits its nuclear translocation. We found that dn-STAT5a inhibited involucrin expression in keratinocytes. Given that STAT5 regulates adipogenesis via activating the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ signal, we hypothesized that STAT5a regulated involucrin expression in the same manner. To test this hypothesis, we examined the expression and transactivation of PPARγ in a suspension culture of keratinocytes. Suspension culture induced PPARγ expression and triggered PPARγ transactivation rapidly and dn-STAT5a downregulated this induction and suppressed PPARγ transactivation. Furthermore, preincubation with the PPARγ/retinoid X-receptor inhibitor HX-531 or the introduction of a dn-PPARγ prevented the activation of involucrin promoter and inhibited its induction. This report provides early evidence of a major role for STAT5a in the differentiation of keratinocytes, where it contributes to involucrin expression by activating the PPARγ signal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1728-1735
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume127
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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