Standardisation of the Japanese diet for use in animal experiments

Saeko Sugawara, Yui Mizowaki, Yui Iwagaki, Yu Sakamoto, Kazushi Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to develop a purified diet that mimics the characteristics of the Japanese diet using readily available materials with a simpler composition and a focus on quality, with the goal of facilitating performance of studies on the Japanese diet worldwide. The utility of the new diet was examined as a mimic of the standard Japanese diet for use in animal experiments. We examined whether a key characteristic of the Japanese diet of being less likely to cause obesity could be reproduced. The mimic diet had a balance of protein, fat and carbohydrate based on the 1975 Japanese diet, which is the least likely to cause obesity, and materials chosen with reference to the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS). To examine similarities of the mimic diet with the model 1975 Japanese diet, we created a menu of the 1975 diet based on the NHNS and prepared the freeze-dried and powdered diet. The mimic diet, the 1975 Japanese diet, a control AIN-93G diet and a Western diet were fed to mice for 4 weeks. As a result, the mimic diet and the 1975 diet resulted in less accumulation of visceral fat and liver fat. Mice given these two diets showed similar effects. This indicates that the mimic diet used in this study has characteristics of the 1975 Japanese diet and could be used as a standard Japanese diet in animal experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-876
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 28


  • 1975 Japanese diet
  • AIN-93
  • Key words Japanese diet
  • Mice
  • Western diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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