The antiparallel triplex DNA is formed by the interaction between purine-rich triplex forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) and the homo-purine region within a duplex DNA. The formation of such a structure with the genome DNA promises to control the gene expression in a living cell. In this study, in an attempt to enhance the stability of the triplex DNAs, we have designed the N2-arylated deoxyguanosine derivatives. Among these analogues, we found that the TFOs containing N2-phenyl-2-deoxyguanosine (PhdG) showed a stable and selective triplex DNA formation with the GC base pair as compared to the natural dG/GC triplet. However, the multiple incorporation of PhdG into the TFOs hampered the stable triplex DNA, instead, showed a tendency to form a higher order structure. Therefore, we concluded that the stable and selective triplex DNA formation is expected by the replacement of dG by PhdG in the purine-rich TFO sequence.
- N2-arylated deoxyguanosine
- Triplex DNA
- Triplex forming oligonucleotide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery