Stabilized three-stage oxidation of DME/air mixture in a micro flow reactor with a controlled temperature profile

Hiroshi Oshibe, Hisashi Nakamura, Takuya Tezuka, Susumu Hasegawa, Kaoru Maruta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ignition and combustion characteristics of a stoichiometric dimethyl ether (DME)/air mixture in a micro flow reactor with a controlled temperature profile which was smoothly ramped from room temperature to ignition temperature were investigated. Special attention was paid to the multi-stage oxidation in low temperature condition.Normal stable flames in a mixture flow in the high velocity region, and non-stationary pulsating flames and/or repetitive extinction and ignition (FREI) in the medium velocity region were experimentally confirmed as expected from our previous study on a methane/air mixture. In addition, stable double weak flames were observed in the low velocity region for the present DME/air mixture case. It is the first observation of stable double flames by the present methodology. Gas sampling was conducted to obtain major species distributions in the flow reactor. The results indicated that existence of low-temperature oxidation was conjectured by the production of CH2O occured in the upstream side of the experimental first luminous flame, while no chemiluminescence from it was seen.One-dimensional computation with detailed chemistry and transport was conducted. At low mixture velocities, three-stage oxidation was confirmed from profiles of the heat release rate and major chemical species, which was broadly in agreement with the experimental results.Since the present micro flow reactor with a controlled temperature profile successfully presented the multi-stage oxidations as spatially separated flames, it is shown that this flow reactor can be utilized as a methodology to separate sets of reactions, even for other practical fuels, at different temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1572-1580
Number of pages9
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume157
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Cool flame
  • Dimethyl ether
  • Low-temperature oxidation
  • Mesoscale combustion
  • Micro flow reactor
  • Microcombustion
  • Three-stage oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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