Stabilization of recombinant spider silk in thermo-oxidative degradation: High-throughput screening for antioxidants

Anh T.N. Dao, Jun'ichi Shimokata, Kengo Takeuchi, Koyuru Nakayama, Toshiaki Taniike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recombinant spider silk has arisen as one of the most promising nature-derived building blocks owing to its extraordinary mechanical properties, while its instability against thermo-oxidative degradation becomes a major drawback toward industrial applications. Here, we have firstly implemented a high-throughput screening of antioxidants on the stabilization of recombinant spider silk at an elevated temperature. The usage of high-throughput chemiluminescence imaging has allowed us to screen antioxidants with a wide spectrum of molecular structures and quickly provided two good candidates to stabilize recombinant spider silk powder through an impregnation process: E310 and BHT. An accelerated aging has further proven that these antioxidants suppressed the thermo-oxidation of recombinant spider silk through scavenging the formed radical species and slowed down the formation of carbonyl groups as oxidation products. In addition, we have employed a solution mixing process to further improve the stabilization efficacy of the antioxidants and this method also extended our selection on effective antioxidants, including vitamin E, AO-30, AO-40, HP-10, and especially Irganox 1098. These screening results provide guidelines of selecting or even developing potential antioxidants for stabilizing protein materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume153
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Chemiluminescence
  • High-throughput screening
  • Oxidative degradation
  • Recombinant spider silk
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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