Stability, hardening and porosity evolution during hydrothermal solidification of sepiolite clay

Lei Zhou, Zhenzi Jing, Yi Zhang, Ke Wu, Emile Hideki Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrothermal solidification of sepiolite clay was carried out at different curing temperatures (100 °C and 200 °C) with an introduction of calcium hydroxide. The addition of calcium hydroxide greatly affected the stability of sepiolite within sepiolite clay. When Ca/Si molar ratio (C/S) is lower than 0.4, sepiolite sustained well at both curing temperatures even for a long curing time (72 h), and above C/S = 0.4 sepiolite decomposed readily. During early-stage hydrothermal processing (before 12 h), fine-grained particles of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) gel precipitated and provided an early strength enhancement for the specimens solidified at 100 °C and 200 °C respectively. After that, fibrous CSH(I) that formed after 12 h was responsible for the highest strength and platy tobermorite after 72 h led to a slight decrease in strength at 200 °C, while agglomerated sponge-like CSH gel formed after 72 h contributed to the highest strength at 100 °C. The intercrystalline pores of crystalline CSH, including CSH(I) and tobermorite, formed at 200 °C provided more porosity than the gel pores at 100 °C within solidified specimens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-36
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Clay Science
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov


  • Hardening
  • Hydrothermal solidification
  • Porosity
  • Sepiolite clay
  • Stability
  • Tobermorite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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