Square-nanosheet flowers with an ammonium vanadate phase and their transformation to VO2(B) net-like nanosheets

Bao Rui Jia, Ming Li Qin, Zi Li Zhang, Shu Mei Li, Xuan Li Wang, Min Huang, Hao Yang Wu, Zheng Chen, Xin Lu, Lin Zhang, Xuan Hui Qu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We report special square-nanosheet flowers with an ammonium vanadate phase, which are synthesised by choosing an appropriate solvent system (ethanol aqueous solution) and reductant (octadecylamine (ODA)) under solvothermal conditions. For the synthesis mechanism, a reduction reaction (phase transformation) takes place, where the raw material, NH4VO3, transforms to an intermediate, NH4V3O8, and then to the target ammonium vanadate phase. The ethanol aqueous solvent promotes the oriented growth of the two-dimensional crystal. ODA serves as the reductant and is responsible for the low vanadium valence in the product. By treating these new ammonium vanadate flowers during the hydrothermal reaction, the growth of VO2(B) net-like nanosheets can be realised. To the best of our knowledge, there is no information available on this ammonium vanadate nanostructure and its transformation into VO2(B). This new ammonium vanadate two-dimensional assembly material can be applied as an anode material for the Li-ion batteries and exhibits a reversible electrochemical capacity of 817 mhA g−1after 130 cycles at 1 A g−1, as well as a good rate performance. The findings in this study have important implications for the synthesis and application of ammonium vanadate and vanadium oxide bronze nanostructures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Ammonium vanadate
  • Li-ion batteries anode
  • Nanostructures
  • Phase transformation
  • Solvothermal synthesis
  • VO(B)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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