Split-illumination electron holography for improved evaluation of electrostatic potential associated with electrophotography

Toshiaki Tanigaki, Kuniaki Sato, Zentaro Akase, Shinji Aizawa, Hyun Soon Park, Tsuyoshi Matsuda, Yasukazu Murakami, Daisuke Shindo, Hiromitsu Kawase

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Precise evaluation of the electrostatic potential distributions of and around samples with multiple charges using electron holography has long been a problem due to unknown perturbation of the reference wave. Here, we report the first practical application of split-illumination electron holography (SIEH) to tackle this problem. This method enables the use of a non-perturbed reference wave distant from the sample. SIEH revealed the electrostatic potential distributions at interfaces of the charged particles used for development in electrophotography and should lead to dramatic improvements in electrophotography.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131601
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume104
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 31

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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  • Cite this

    Tanigaki, T., Sato, K., Akase, Z., Aizawa, S., Soon Park, H., Matsuda, T., Murakami, Y., Shindo, D., & Kawase, H. (2014). Split-illumination electron holography for improved evaluation of electrostatic potential associated with electrophotography. Applied Physics Letters, 104(13), [131601]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4869830