Spiral growth and cell wall properties of the gibberellin-treated first internodes in the seedlings of a wheat cultivar tolerant to deep-sowing conditions

Lei Chen, Atsushi Higashitani, Hiroshi Suge, Kazuyoshi Takeda, Hideyuki Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Hong Mang Mai wheat cultivar is tolerant to deep-sowing conditions because it has an elongated first internode that is sensitive to gibberellin (GA3). The cells in the GA-treated first internodes were approximately 4.2 mm long, twice as long as the untreated Hong Mang Mai first internode cells. The elongation of the first internode of Hong Mang Mai, particularly when treated with GA3, was accompanied by remarkable spiral growth. In contrast, the first internodes of the GA-insensitive cultivar Norin 10 did not exhibit GA3-induced elongation or spiral growth. The walls of the first internode cells of GA3-treated Hong Mang Mai seedlings showed increased extensibility and higher (1→3), (1→4)-β-D-glucanase activity, autolysis and glucan contents than the cell walls of untreated Hong Mang Mai first internodes. The changes in the cell wall extensibility due to GA3 treatment correlated strongly with the GA3-induced changes in cell wall glucan content, autolysis, and glucanase activity. GA3-treated Hong Mang Mai seedlings showed elevated expression of Glucanase EI gene in the first internode compared to GA3-treated Norin 10. Thus, GA aids first internode elongation in Hong Mang Mai by enhancing glucan turnover and thus increasing cell wall loosening. The spiral growth of the first internode also helps the plant elongate against soil resistance, thereby promoting the deep-sowing tolerance of this cultivar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume118
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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